福建师范大学2021年2月课程考试《高级英语(三)》作业考核试题【标准答案】

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《高级英语(三)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 专业: 学号: 学习中心: 成绩: I. Choose the word in closest meaning to the word given 30% 1. We must quieten the restive animals: A.buoyant B. restless C. remorseful D. resistant 2. He wa
《高级英语(三)》期末考试A卷

姓名:                     专业:
学号:                     学习中心:

                         成绩:


I. Choose the word in closest meaning to the word given 30%
1. We must quieten the restive animals:
A.buoyant  B. restless  C. remorseful   D. resistant
2. He was famous for his repartee and his sarcasm.
A.Witty retort     B. will full departure  
C. monologue   D. overriding
3. After years of delay eh problem has now become urgent.
A.procrastination       B. dilation   
C.. dilution             D. sacrifice
4. You may be athletic, but a monkey is more agile.
A. clever    B. nimble   C. stupid    D. quick
5. If a manufacturer has to charge exorbitantly for his product, he will lose business.
A. excessively       B. reasonably
C. relentlessly     D. inexpensively
6. a grunt of acquiescence:
A.consent  B. refusal   C. compliance  D. acquisition
7. dilation of the pupils:
A.restriction      B. constriction 
C. amplification    D. punishment
8. sterile leadership
A.infecund    B. aging    C. effective   D. doubtful
9. moronic behavior:
A.talkative       B. intelligent 
C. stupid     D. irresponsible
10. tenacious salesmen
A. lax     B. unyielding   C. imperfect   D. impatient
11. Many of President Roosevelt’s critics felt that he was too autocratic.
  A. democratic   B. self-powerful   C. concealing the truth   D. upper-class
12. Rather than vote for either side, the congressman decided to abstain.
   A. not vote   B. vote for both   C. stay home    D. vote later 
13. John was forced to make an extemporaneous speech.
  A. sharp   B. foolish    C. offhand   D. critical 
14. The police give slight credence to the report.
  A. attention   B. study   C. belief   D. evaluation 
15. The fourth year sociology class was a homogeneous group of university   students.
A. uniform   B. average   C. unrelated   D. distinguishable 
16. The doctor asked the patient to disrobe before the examination.
  A. take medicine   B. breathe deeply   C. relax   D. undress 
17. The policeman used a megaphone.
  A. a portable radio         B. in instrument to make his voice louder.
C. a long stick         D. a telephone in his car 
18. Jack is defrauding the commercial law.
   A. discarding   B. maiming  C. cheating    D. repeating 
19. The thieves ransacked the room trying to find he jewels.
  A. looted    B. probed into   C. raided    D. thoroughly searched 
20. The check was marked void.
  A. payable   B. in effect   C. canceled   D. invalid

II. Reading comprehension 10%
The relationship between the home and market economics has gone through two distinct stages. Early industrialization began the process of transferring some production processes (e.g.  clothmaking, sewing, and canning foods) from the home to the marketplace. Although the home economy could still produce these goods, the processes were laborious and the market economy was usually more efficient. Soon, the more important second stage was evident- the marketplace began producing goods and services that had never been produced by the home economy, and the home economy was unable to produce them (e.g. electricity and electrical appliances, the automobile, advanced education, sophisticated medical care). In the second stage, the question of whether the home economy was less efficient in producing these new goods and services was irrelevant; if the family were to enjoy these fruits of industrialization, they would have to be obtained in the marketplace. The traditional ways of taking care of these needs in the home, such as nursing the sick, became socially unacceptable( and, in most serious cases, probably less successful). Just as the appearance of the automobile made the use of the horse-drawn carriage illegal and then impractical, and the appearance of television changed the radio from a source of entertainment to a source of background music, so most of the fruits of economic growth did not increase the options available to the home economy toe either produce the goods or services or purchase them in the market. Growth brought with it increased variety in customer goods, but not increased flexibility for the home economy in obtaining these goods and services. Instead, economic growth brought with it increased consumer reliance on the marketplace. In order to consume these new goods and services, the family had to enter the marketplace as wage earners and consumers. The neoclassical model that views the family as deciding whether to produce goods and services directly or to purchase them in the marketplace is basically a model of the first stage. It cannot accurately be applied to the second ( and current ) stage.
1. The reason why many production processes were taken over 
   by the marketplace was that ____.
A. it was a necessary step in the process of  industrialization
B. they depended on electricity available only to the market economy
C. it was troublesome to produce such goods in the home
D. the marketplace was more efficient with respect to these processes
2.  It can be seem from the passage that in the second stage _______.
   A. some traditional goods and services were not successful when provided by the home economy
   B. the market economy provided new goods and services never produced by the home economy
C. producing traditional goods at home became socially   
  unacceptable
   D. whether new goods and services were produced by the home economy became irrelevant
3. During the second stage, if the family wanted to consume new goods and services, they had to enter the marketplace _____.
   A. as wage earners
   B. both as manufacturers and consumers
   C. both as workers and purchasers
   D. as consumers
4. Economic growth did not make it more flexible for the home economy to obtain the new goods and services because _____.
   A. the family was not efficient in production  
   B. it was illegal for the home economy to produce them
   C. it could not supply them by itself
   D. the market for these goods and services was limited
5. The neoclassical model is basically a model of the first stage, because at this stage ____.
   A.the family could rely either on the home economy or on the marketplace for the needed goods and services
   B. many production processes were being transferred to   
    the marketplace
   C. consumers relied more and more on the market economy
   D. the family could decide how to transfer production processes to the marketplace

III. Fill in the blank with an appropriate word 20%

functioning, around, given, determines, attempts, paradoxically,  with, indispensable, society, general, to, determining
In an earlier study of the family, I took as ___1___that in ___2____ a nation’s family structure determines the kind of ___3__ it will have, and that any ____4__ to change or improve the society must begin ___5___ changing he family. Six years later now, I have come to feel that, ____6___,although some kind of family structure may be ___7___to societal__8__, it is the society that __9__what the family will be, and not the other way __10___.

IV. Translate the following paragraph into English 20%
跌倒的是一个女人,花白头发,衣服都很破烂。她从马路边上突然向车前横截过来,车夫已经让开道,但她的破背心没有上扣,微风吹着,向外展开,所以终于兜着车把,幸而车夫早有点停步,否则她要栽一个大跟头,跌到头破血流了。

V. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese20%
So society has us all at its mercy. It has only to murmur to the man that staying home is a feminine characteristic, and he will be out of the house like a bullet. It has only to suggest to the woman that logic and reason are the exclusive province of the masculine mind, whereas “intuition” and “feeling” are the female forte, and she will throw her physics textbooks out of the window, barricade herself into the house and give herself up to having wishy-washy poetical feelings while she arranges the flowers.

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